Emergency medical aid for external bleedings in the prehospital phase

A.V. Makohonchuk

Abstract


Uncontrolled bleeding is a major cause of death during war and different disasters. Adequate hemostasis after injury remains a serious problem in modern medicine, and early bleeding control is essential for saving victim’s life. There is a significant number of so called «non-tourniquetable but compressible» wounds with intense bleeding. In this situation, hemostatic dressings play a crucial role. Hemostatic dressings are most appropriate for local hemostasis in the prehospital phase due to efficiency and ease of use. Chitosan bandages in numerous experimental and clinical studies are considered to be the most effective to control bleedings from large vessels. These bands are included in modern medical kits of NATO standards. In Ukraine, non-woven chitosan hemostatic bandage Revul® can be proposed as a component of universal military and civil medical kits.


Keywords


bleeding; hemostasis; hemostatic bandage; hemostatic gauze roll; chitosan

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/1608-1706.2.18.2017.102560

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