The use of kinesitherapy in the rehabilitation of the children with infantile cerebral palsy

I.V. Balychevtseva, V.V. Kryvosheieva

Abstract


Infantile cerebral palsy (ICP) is a severe illness that is associated with perinatal cenhtral nervous system damage. The problem of cerebral palsy is very relevant for our country. Prevalence of ICP in the world in recent years is dramatically increasing. This disease is not a progressive condition that persists throughout the person’s life, and is the cause of the formation of musculoskeletal system pathology of various degrees leading to the development of pathological structures in the central nervous system, as well as to the disruption of vital internal organs functioning. With well-timed diagnosis, the earliest possible and long-term recovery treatment of infantile cerebral palsy, it is quite possible to achieve considerable improvement of the overall condition, and consequently improve the quality of life and socialization of the child. Single standardized method for the treatment of this severe disease does not exist. In recent years, a firm place of comprehensive rehabilitation system for children with various forms of infantile cerebral palsy and paresis of the upper and lower extremities belongs to kinesitherapy using robotic simulators. Kinesitherapy is a scientifically based set of exercises aimed at increasing of overall strength, endurance and mobility. Correctly selected movements and poses could have a beneficial effect on the functioning of cerebral structures affected by cerebral palsy. This works presents the results of Gross training and MOTOmed gracile12 devices use in the rehabilitation of children with various forms of cerebral palsy, formation and development of basic motor skills, increasing physical fitness and endurance. Rehabilitation treatment of the child with cerebral palsy was carried out taking into account individual opportunities and needs. Rehabilitation program used the method of alternating training on simulators. Therapy was based on game forms. Rehabilitation was adapted to the individual level of children’s development underlying their strengths and needs. Combined modes of passive, active and combined training were used. Due to introduction of Gross training devices and MOTOmed gracile12 use to the comprehensive rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy, the overall level of motor activity and manipulative activity increased, and achieved results lasted for a long time.

Keywords


children; infantile cerebral palsy; rehabilitation; kinesitherapy

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/1608-1706.3.18.2017.105372

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