DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/1608-1706.3.19.2018.136406

Modern directions of radiological diagnosis in patients with bone lesions of the feet and ankle joint (review of literature)

P.O. Korol, M.M. Tkachenko

Abstract


This review of literature considers the key issues of the clinical application of modern methods for radiological diagnosis in patients with pathology of the foot and ankle. The algorithm for making a diagnostic decision in patients with bone lesions of the foot and ankles takes into account the multidisciplinary approach to each link of the clinical process — from primary diagnosis, staging, restaging to the prescription of treatment procedures. Synthesis of functional information obtained with the help of single-photon emission computed tomography in a complex with a high resolution computed tomography allows to effectively diagnose pathological metabolism in the bones with simultaneous evaluation of coexisting structural changes. The questions about the role of single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography are considered in terms of managing the diagnostic and treatment process, optimizing the ways of local anesthesia and the modifications of the surgical approach.


Keywords


single-photon emission computed tomography; radiopharmaceutical; ankle joint; foot

References


Ammann W. Radionuclide bone imaging in the detection of stress fractures / W. Ammann // Clin J Sports Med. – 1991. – Vol. 1. – P. 115-122.

Anderson M.W. Stress fractures / M.W. Anderson, A. Greenspan // Radiology. – 1996. – Vol. 199. – P. 1-12. doi: 10.1148/radiology.199.1.8633129

Berndt A.L. Transchondral fractures (osteochondritis dissecans) of the talus / A.L. Berndt, M. Harty // J Bone Joint Surg Am. – 1959. – Vol. 41. – P. 988-1020.

Brenner A.I. The bone scan / A.I. Brenner, J. Koshy, J. Morey et al. // Semin Nucl Med. – 2012. – Vol. 42. – P. 11-26. doi: 10.1053/j.semnuclmed.2011.07.005.

Carmont M.R. Variability of joint communications in the foot and ankle demonstrated by contrast‑enhanced diagnostic injections / M.R. Carmont, J.E. Tomlinson, C. Blundell et al. // Foot Ankle Int. – 2009. – Vol. 30. – P. 439-442. doi: 10.3113/FAI.2009.0439.

Chan W.P. Osteoarthritis of the knee: Comparison of radiography, CT, and MR imaging to assess extent and severity/ W.P. Chan, P. Lang, M.P. Stevens et al. // AJR Am J Roentgenol. – 1991. – Vol. 157. – P. 799‑806.

Chicklore S. Potential role of multislice SPECT/CT in impingement syndrome and soft‑tissue pathology of the ankle and foot / S. Chicklore, G. Gnanasegaran, S. Vijayanathan et al. // Nucl Med Commun. – 2013. – Vol. 34. – P. 130-139. doi: 10.1097/MNM.0b013e32835c0964.

Chow S. Diagnostic and therapeutic foot and ankle injections / S. Chow, E. Brandser // Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. – 1998. – Vol. 2. – P. 421-432. doi:10.1055/s-2008-1080122

Cohen B.E. Hallux sesamoid disorders // B.E. Cohen // Foot Ankle Clin. – 2009. – Vol. 14. – P. 91-104. doi: 10.1016/j.fcl.2008.11.003.

De Smet A.A. Value of MR imaging in staging osteochondral lesions of the talus (osteochondritis dissecans): Results in 14 patients / A.A. De Smet, D.R. Fisher, M.I. Burnstein // AJR Am J Roentgenol. – 1990. – Vol. 154. – P. 555-558. doi:10.2214/ajr.154.3.2106221.

Dieppe P. Prediction of the progression of joint space narrowing in osteoarthritis of the knee by bone scintigraphy / P. Dieppe, J. Cushnaghan, P. Young et al. // Ann Rheum Dis. – 1993. – Vol. 52. – P. 557-563.

Drubach L.A. Assessment of the clinical significance of asymptomatic lower extremity uptake abnormality in young athletes / L.A. Drubach, L.P. Connolly, P.A. D’Hemecourt et al. // J Nucl Med. – 2001. – Vol. 42. – Vol. 209-212.

Gaeta M. CT and MR imaging findings in athletes with early tibial stress injuries: Comparison with bone scintigraphy findings and emphasis on cortical abnormalities / M. Gaeta, F. Minutoli, E. Scribano et al. // Radiology. – 2005. – Vol. 235. – P. 553-561. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2352040406.

Georgoulias P. Scintigraphy of stress fractures of the sesamoid bones / P. Georgoulias, I. Georgiadis, N. Dimakopoulos et al. // Clin Nucl Med. – 2001. – Vol. 26. – P. 944-945.

Geslien G.E. Early detection of stress fractures using 99mTc‑polyphosphate / G.E. Geslien, J.H. Thrall, J.L. Espinosa et al. Radiology. – 1976. – Vol. 121. – P. 683-687. doi: 10.1148/121.3.683

Gnanasegaran G. Single photon emission computed tomography-computed tomography in the management of foot pathology / G. Gnanasegaran, H.K. Mohan, D. Sharp et al. // Nucl Med Commun. – 2008. – Vol. 29. – P. 482.

Huellner M.W. Clinical applications of SPECT/CT in imaging the extremities / M.W. Huellner, K. Strobel // Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. – 2014. – Vol. 41. – Suppl. 1. – P. 50-58. doi: 10.1007/s00259-013-2533-5.

Jones A.G. Bone scanning: Radionuclidic reaction mechanisms / A.G. Jones, M.D. Francis, M.A. Davis // Semin Nucl Med. – 1976. – Vol. 6. – P. 3-18. doi: 10.1016/S0001-2998(76)80032-3.

Karasick D. Disorders of the hallux sesamoid complex: MR features / D. Karasick, M.E. Schweitzer // Skeletal Radiol. –1998. – Vol. 27. – P. 411-418.

Khoury N.J. Intraarticular foot and ankle injections to identify source of pain before arthrodesis / N.J. Khoury, G.Y. Khoury, C.L. Saltzman et al. // AJR Am J Roentgenol. – 1996. – Vol. 167. – P. 669-673. doi: 10.2214/ajr.167.3.8751679.

Kliman M.E. Osteochondritis of the hallux sesamoid bones / M.E. Kliman, A.E. Gross, Pritzker K.P. et al. // Foot Ankle. – 1983. – Vol. 3. – P. 220-223.

Korol P. Diagnostic parameters of bone scintigraphy for knee arthroplasty in patients with rheumatoid arthritis / P. Korol, M. Tkachenko// East European Scientific Journal. – 2016. – № 10. – P. 38–39.

Korol P. The main surgical cfriteria of bone scintigraphy at the hip arthroplasty / P. Korol, M. Tkachenko // Science in the modern information society. – 2015. – Vol. 1. – P. 42-44.

Korol P. The role of bone scintigraphy in differential diagnosis of knee inflammatory processes / P. Korol, M. Tkachenko // Fundamental and applied sciences today. – 2014. – Vol. 1. – P. 53-55.

Kretzschmar M. 99mTc-DPD-SPECT/CT predicts the outcome of imaging‑guided diagnostic anaesthetic injections: A prospective cohort study / M. Kretzschmar, M. Wiewiorski, H. Rasch et al. // Eur J Radiol. – 2011. – Vol. 80. – P. 410-415. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2010.09.013.

Lajeunesse D. Subchondral bone in osteoarthritis: A biologic link with articular cartilage leading to abnormal remodeling / D. Lajeunesse, P. Reboul // Curr Opin Rheumatol. – 2003. – Vol. 15. – P. 628-633.

Leumann A. A novel imaging method for osteochondral lesions of the talus – comparison of SPECT-CT with MRI / A. Leumann, V. Valderrabano, C. Plaass et al. // Am J Sports Med. – 2011. – Vol. 39. – P. 1095-1101. doi:10.1177/0363546510392709

Li G.P. Radiographic and histologic analyses of stress fracture in rabbit tibias / G.P. Li, S.D. Zhang, G. Chen et al. // Am J Sports Med. – 1985. – Vol. 13. – P. 285-294. doi:10.1177/036354658501300501.

Little N. Bone formation, remodelling and healing / N. Little N, B. Rogers, M. Flannery // Surg Oxf Int Ed. – 2011. – Vol. 29. – P. 141-145.

Loomer R. Osteochondral lesions of the talus / R. Loomer, C. Fisher, R. Lloyd‑Smith et al. // Am J Sports Med. – 1993. – Vol. 21. – P. 13-19. doi:10.1177/036354659302100103.

Lories R.J. The bone-cartilage unit in osteoarthritis / R.J. Lories, F.P. Luyten // Nat Rev Rheumatol. – 2011. – Vol. 7. – P. 43-49. doi: 10.1038/nrrheum.2010.197.

Lucas P.E. Fluoroscopically guided injections into the foot and ankle: Localization of the source of pain as a guide to treatment – prospective study / P.E. Lucas, S.R. Hurwitz, P.A. Kaplan et al. // Radiology. – 1997. – Vol. 204. – P. 411-415.

Mansell J.P. Abnormal cancellous bone collagen metabolism in osteoarthritis / J.P. Mansell, A.J. Bailey // J Clin Invest. – 1998. – Vol. 101. – P. 1596-1603. doi: 10.1172/JCI867.

Maurice H.D. Bone scanning of the foot for unexplained pain / H.D. Maurice, J.H. Newman, I. Watt // J Bone Joint Surg Br. – 1987. – Vol. 69. –P. 448-452.

McCrae F. Scintigraphic assessment of osteoarthritis of the knee joint / F. McCrae, J. Shouls, P. Dieppe et al. Ann Rheum Dis. – 1992. – Vol. 51. – P. 938-942.

Meftah M. SPECT/CT in the management of osteochondral lesions of the talus / M. Meftah, S.D. Katchis, S.C. Scharf et al. // Foot Ankle Int. – 2011. – Vol. 32. – P. 233-238. doi: 10.3113/FAI.2011.0233.

Mitchell M.J. Localization of specific joint causing hindfoot pain: Value of injecting local anesthetics into individual joints during arthrography / M.J. Mitchell, D. Bielecki, A.G. Bergman et al // AJR Am J Roentgenol. – 1995. – Vol. 164. – P. 1473-1476.

Mohan H. The applicability of SPECT-CT in directing the management of bony ankle and foot pathology / H. Mohan, P. Holker, G. Gnanasegaran et al // Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. – 2007. – Vol. 34. – P. 166.

Nathan M. The role of 99mTc-diphosphonate bone SPECT/CT in the ankle and foot / M. Nathan, H. Mohan, S. Vijayanathan et al // Nucl Med Commun. – 2012. – Vol. 33. – P. 799-807. doi: 10.1097/MNM.0b013e328355880b.

Nwawka O.K. Sesamoids and accessory ossicles of the foot: Anatomical variability and related pathology / O.K. Nwawka, D. Hayashi, L.E. Diaz et al. // Insights Imaging. – 2013. – Vol. 4. – P. 581-593. doi: 10.1007/s13244-013-0277-1.

O’Loughlin P.F. Current concepts in the diagnosis and treatment of osteochondral lesions of the ankle / P.F. O’Loughlin, B.E. Heyworth, J.D. Kennedy // Am J Sports Med. – 2010. – Vol. 38. – P. 392-404. doi: 10.1177/0363546509336336.

Ogata K. Idiopathic osteonecrosis of the first metatarsal sesamoid / K. Ogata, Y. Sugioka, Y. Urano et al. // Skeletal Radiol. – 1986. – Vol. 15. – P.141-145.

Pagenstert G.I. SPECT‑CT imaging in degenerative joint disease of the foot and ankle / G.I. Pagenstert, A. Barg, A.G. Leumann et al. // J Bone Joint Surg Br. – 2009. – Vol. 91. – P. 1191-1196.

Parthipun A. 99mTc‑HDP SPECT‑CT aids localization of joint injections in degenerative joint disease of the foot and ankle / A. Parthipun, J. Moser, W. Mok et al. // Foot Ankle Int. – 2015. – Vol. 36. – P. 928-935. doi: 10.1177/1071100715579263.

Paul J. Increased osseous 99mTc‑DPD uptake in end‑stage ankle osteoarthritis: Correlation between SPECT‑CT imaging and histologic findings / Paul J., Barg A., Kretzschmar M. et al. // Foot Ankle Int. – 2015. – Vol. 36. – P. 1438-1447. doi: 10.1177/1071100715596745.

Potter H.G. The hallux sesamoids revisited / H.G. Potter, H. Pavlov, T.G. Abrahams // Skeletal Radiol. – 1992. – Vol. 21. – P. 437-444.

Rosenberg Z.S. From the RSNA refresher courses. Radiological Society of North America. MR imaging of the ankle and foot / Z.S. Rosenberg, J. Beltran, J.T. Bencardino // Radiographics. – 2000. – Vol. 20. – P. 153-179. doi:10.1148/radiographics.20.suppl_1.g00oc26s153.

Ruhoy M.K. Subtalar joint arthrography / M.K. Ruhoy, A.H. Newberg, M.L. Yodlowski et al // Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. – 1998. – Vol. 2. – P. 433-438. doi:10.1055/s-2008-1080123.

Rupani H.D. Three-phase radionuclide bone imaging in sports medicine / H.D. Rupani, L.E. Holder, D.A. Espinola et al. // Radiology. – 1985. – Vol. 156. – P. 187-196.

Saifuddin A. CT guided diagnostic foot injections / A. Saifuddin, M. Abdus-Samee, C. Mann et al. // Clin Radiol. – 2005. – Vol. 60. – P. 191-195. doi:10.1016/j.crad.2004.06.017.

Savoca C.J. Stress fractures. A classification of the earliest radiographic signs / C.J. Savoca // Radiology. – 1971. – Vol. 100. – P. 519-524.

Singh V.K. The diagnostic value of single photon‑emission computed tomography bone scans combined with CT (SPECT‑CT) in diseases of the foot and ankle / V.K. Singh, S. Javed, A. Parthipun et al. // Foot Ankle Surg. – 2013. – Vol. 19. – P. 80-83. doi: 10.1016/j.fas.2012.11.002.

Sisler J. Imaging assessment of posttraumatic tarsal pain / J. Sisler // Clin J Sport Med. – 1991. – Vol. 1. – P. 127-132.

Stroud C.C. Imaging of osteochondral lesions of the talus / C.C. Stroud, R.M. Marks // Foot Ankle Clin. – 2000. – Vol. 5. – P. 119-133.

Taylor J.A. Painful conditions affecting the first metatarsal sesamoid bones / J.A. Taylor, D.J. Sartoris, G.S. Huang // Painful Radiographics. – 1993. – Vol. 13. – P. 817-830. doi:10.1148/radiographics.13.4.8356270.

Thomas R.H. Compartmental evaluation of osteoarthritis of the knee. A comparative study of available diagnostic modalities / R.H. Thomas, D. Resnick, N.P. Alazraki et al. // Radiology. – 1975. – Vol. 116. – P. 585-594. doi:10.1148/116.3.585.

Tkachenko M. The role of tree phase bone scintigraphy in arthroplasty of hip and knee joints of clean up workers of Chornobyl accident / M. Tkachenko, P. Korol // Problems of radiation medicine and radiobiology. – 2017. – Vol. 22. – P. 476-483 (In Ukrainian).

Upadhyay B. Technetium-99 m ethylene diphosphonate single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography of the foot and ankle / B. Upadhyay B., J. Mo, C. Beadsmoore // World Journal of Nuclear Medicine. – 2017. – Vol. 16. – № 2. – P. 88-100. doi: 10.4103/1450-1147.203077.

Valderrabano V. Knee-to-ankle mosaicplasty for the treatment of osteochondral lesions of the ankle joint / V. Valderrabano, A. Leumann, H. Rasch et al. // Am J Sports Med. – 2009. – Vol. 37. – Suppl. 1. – P. 105-111. doi: 10.1177/0363546509351481.

Verhagen R.A. Prospective study on diagnostic strategies in osteochondral lesions of the talus. Is MRI superior to helical CT? / R.A. Verhagen, M. Maas, M.G. Dijkgraaf et al. // J Bone Joint Surg Br. – 2005. – Vol. 87. – P. 41-46.

Wiewiorski M. Revision of failed osteochondral autologous transplantation procedure for chronic talus osteochondral lesion with iliac crest graft and autologous matrix‑induced chondrogenesis: A case report / M. Wiewiorski, M. Miska, G. Nicolas // Foot Ankle Spec. – 2012. – Vol. 5. – P. 115-120. doi:10.1177/1938640011434046.

Williams T. SPECT-CT imaging of obscure foot and ankle pain / T. Williams, N. Cullen, A. Goldberg et al. // Foot Ankle Surg. – 2012. – Vol. 18. – P. 30-33. doi: 10.1016/j.fas.2011.01.009.

Wilson E.S. Stress fractures. An analysis of 250 consecutive cases / E.S. Wilson, F.N. Katz // Radiology. – 1969. – Vol. 92. – P. 481-486. doi:10.1148/92.3.481.




Copyright (c) 2018 TRAUMA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

© Publishing House Zaslavsky, 1997-2018

 

   Seo анализ сайта