The evolution of the total knee arthroplasty for the last 50 years

I.M. Zazirnyi, B. Ryzhkov


The modern knee replacement dated back to the 1970s, from the development of the total anatomical condylar implants of Insal, Ranavat, Scott and Coventry. It is important to analyze the technical progress in the total knee arthroplasty 50 years after this outstanding orthopedic achievement. This review is devoted to the development of ideas for total knee arthroplasty during the last period. In particular, the review deals with the trends in epidemiology, advances in the development of implants, as well as new technologies with an emphasis on design and implantation through digital technology.


total knee arthroplasty; implant design; computer-assisted total knee arthroplasty


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