History of orthopedics in the mirror of numismatics


  • O.V. Syniachenko Donetsk National Medical University, Lyman, Ukraine
  • V.G. Klymovytsky Donetsk National Medical University, Lyman, Ukraine
  • M.V. Yermolaeva Donetsk National Medical University, Lyman, Ukraine
  • S.M. Verzilov Donetsk National Medical University, Lyman, Ukraine
  • T.Yu. Syniachenko Donetsk National Medical University, Lyman, Ukraine
  • K.V. Liventsova Donetsk National Medical University, Lyman, Ukraine




medicine, orthopedics, history, numismatics


The purpose of the work was to analyze the history of orthopedics using numismatic materials. The branch of historical science of numismatics (from the Latin numisma — coin) originated in the 19th century and became closely connected with economics, politics, culture and law; it includes a thematic study of coins, medals and plaques. Best of all, the history of orthopedics is illustrated by the various forms of the medallic educational art (exonumia, or paranumismatics), and the medal became the prototype of the commemorative coin. This work presents a catalogue of 95 numismatic materials (including some unique one, first cited), reflects the stages of development of the study of using treating factors, provides links to significant historical events, refers to brief biographies of physicians who have made an invaluable contribution into the formation of this scientific discipline.


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History of Medicine