Surgical treatment of acetabular fractures

Authors

  • I.I. Trufanov State Institution “Zaporizhzhia Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine”, Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22141/1608-1706.4.22.2021.239709

Keywords:

multiple trauma, platelet-rich plasma, acetabular fracture, reparative regeneration

Abstract

Background. Acetabular fractures are severe intra-articular injuries that require anatomical reposition and early function, but they are often complicated by degenerative changes in both the acetabulum and the femoral head, leading to the development of post-traumatic coxarthrosis. The purpose was to study the clinical effectiveness of surgical treatment and postoperative management of patients using autologous platelet-rich plasma in patients with fractures of the acetabulum. Materials and methods. Twenty-eight patients with acetabular fractures of various degrees were operated at the City Emergency Hospital of Zaporizhzhia and the Municipal Clinical Hospital No 9 from 2017 to 2019. Gender composition: 22 men (78.57 %), 6 women (21.43 %), average age 46.64 ± 2.21 years, with a 95% confidence interval 42.31–50.96. Nineteen victims (67.86 %) had road traffic injuries, 7 (25 %) domestic injuries, and 2 (7.14 %) had industrial injuries. Results. In the main group of patients treated with platelet-rich plasma, radiologically visible adhesion of the injured area after 8 weeks occurred in 10 people (83.4 %). In one person (8.3 %), the adhesion occurred after 12, and in another (8.3 %) — 16 weeks after surgery. In the control group, adhesions at 8th week were registered in 14 patients (60.87 %), in 8 (34.78 %) — at 16th week. Given the general recovery of the body in the main group, the activation and social adaptation of patients occurred 2–3 weeks earlier. The assessment was performed radiologically and by the criteria of functional recovery.

References

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Published

2021-09-17

Issue

Section

Original Researches