DOI: https://doi.org/10.22141/1608-1706.1.16.2015.80220

Correlation Between the Structural and Functional State of Bone Tissue and the Incidence of Low-Energy Fractures in Postmenopausal Women

T.V. Orlyk, V.V. Povorozniuk, N.I. Dzerovych

Abstract


Bone loss in osteoporosis is inconspicuous, so the disease often manifests itself after the fracture. Fracture incidence increases with age in both women and men. Osteoporosis and related fractures lead to an increase in morbidity, disability, reduce quality of life and result in increased mortality.
Today gold standard in diagnosis of osteoporosis is dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). According to the DXA main quantitative characteristic of the structural and functional state of the bone tissue is bone mineral density (BMD), the main quality parameter — trabecular bone score (TBS). It is known that both parameters are reduced with age, which worsens the bone health.


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