Evaluating the Functionality of Musculoskeletal System in Patients with Different Types of Scheuermann’s Disease
Objective: to assess the functional status of patients with different types of Scheuermann’s disease. Methods: 1) clinical one, with the evaluation of the spine and hip joints mobility; 2) roentgenometric one, with the assessment of the thoracic kyphosis and lumbar lordosis; 3) biomechanical one, with determination of the spatial and temporal parameters of walking. Results. It was found that patients with both forms of Scheuermann’s disease have a change in the spinal sagittal contour, with development of muscle imbalance. Patients from both groups showed limited mobility of the thoracic and lumbar spine and reduction in hip excursions in the sagittal and frontal planes. Structural and functional disorders of the lumbar-pelvic region led to the changes in the spatial and temporal parameters of walking, aimed at limiting the rotational movement of the body and pelvis during the forward movement.
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