Features of anatomy, classification of traumatic injuries of the thoracic spine (literature review)

Authors

  • S.O. Teslenko Sytenko Institute of Spine and Joint Pathology of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22141/1608-1706.2.23.2022.890

Keywords:

spine, thoracic department, compression fracture, classification, review

Abstract

Spinal fracture is a pathological condition that occurs due to a violation of the anatomical integrity of the spine. An analysis of the literature on the thoracic spine has shown that it differs markedly from other departments both anatomically and functionally. The thoracic vertebrae are anatomically different from the cervical and lumbar vertebrae, although the upper and lower vertebrae are adjacent. The main function of the thoracic spine, along with the ribs and sternum is to protect the chest, so damage to this complex can not be considered separately from each other. There are several classifications of thoracic spine injuries. Today the most common are: AO/ASIF classifications (Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Osteosynthesenfragen/Association for the Study of Internal Fixation); Load-sharing classification McCormack et al. and the Thoracolumbar Injury Severity Score (TLISS). All of them are additions and developments of the previous one and involve in the classification more and more signs of injuries of the thoracic spine, both morphological and neurological. Given the peculiarities of thoracic spine injuries and their anatomy, surgical treatment requires special care in the choice of tactics and tools.

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Published

2022-07-08

How to Cite

Teslenko, S. (2022). Features of anatomy, classification of traumatic injuries of the thoracic spine (literature review). TRAUMA, 23(2), 47–53. https://doi.org/10.22141/1608-1706.2.23.2022.890

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Section

Review

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